International Trafficking in Persons (TIP) Report released

via CNN Freedom Project (follow link for video responses)

“Victims are not statistics … They are people with hopes, with dreams, with courage … With names. Remember their names.” – Somaly Mam

The annual Trafficking in Persons Report – the world’s most comprehensive resource of governmental anti-human trafficking efforts – was published Tuesday by the U.S. State Department.

It identifies countries that the U.S. says meet minimum standards of anti-trafficking efforts, countries working towards them and countries that appear to be doing little to stop trafficking.

Read Report in full – includes downloadable PDF files

File containing South African information (p.315-317)

The report is compiled with the help of U.S. embassies, non-governmental organizations, aid groups and individuals around the world.

It also counts known cases of human trafficking in more than 175 countries, whether for commercial sex, bonded labor, child labor, involuntary domestic servitude or child soldiers. And it tracks new legislation, prosecutions and convictions.

Each country is put into one of four grades – Tier 1, Tier 2, Tier Two Watch and Tier Three. Tier 1 is achieved by reaching minimum anti-trafficking standards and it does not highlight countries doing above and beyond the minimum.

For the first time in 11 years Myanmar has been promoted from Tier 3 to Tier 2 Watch. The report says Myanmar is primarily a source country for trafficking to other Asia countries, but there are still significant domestic trafficking problems and children can be conscripted into the national army.

It recommends Myanmar demobilizes child soldiers and focus more attention on domestic sex trafficking of women and children.

The Czech Republic -the only country last year to slip out of the top-rank – regained its Tier 1 status having introduced a series of anti-trafficking laws and securing successful trafficking convictions.

Iceland, Israel and Nicaragua were also promoted to Tier 1.

Portugal, however, was downgraded to Tier 2 because while new laws and initiatives were introduced, there was no evidence it was leading to prison sentences for the majority of convicted traffickers.

Nigeria and Bosnia-Herzegovina also fell out of the top-ranked countries

Kenya was downgraded to Tier 2 Watch because it did not show evidence of increasing efforts to combat human trafficking.

Syria – with its ongoing violent conflict – was the only country relegated into Tier 3. The report said the lack of security made it difficult to check anti-trafficking measures.

Before the unrest Syria was primarily a destination country for trafficked women and children. The report found the unrest had put more people at risk from traffickers, particularly vulnerable segments of the population like Iraqi refugees.

The Tip Report’s ranking system is largely dependent on the amount of work being done by the national government rather than non-government or international organizations.

Tier 1 ranking indicates a government has acknowledged the existence of human trafficking, has made efforts to address the problem, and meets minimum standards.

Tier 2 is countries whose governments do not fully comply with minimum standards but are making significant efforts to bring themselves into compliance.

Tier 2 watch is countries where governments do not fully meet minimum standards, and although they may be making significant efforts the country has a particularly large number of victims, or is not providing evidence of its efforts

Tier 3 is countries that do not fully comply with minimum standards and are not making significant efforts to do so. Tier 3 countries face the possibility of US sanctions because of their poor human trafficking record.

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Get Educated, Be an Educator – new resources available

We present you newly compiled resources through which you could educate yourself and keep those around you safe.

Feel free to print these out or share the links with others – an informed society is a better functioning and safer society.

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Explore our free resouces:

Fast Facts about Trafficking

How to Handle a Trafficked Victim Training Manual


STOP Human Trafficking Educator’s Manual

Body Shop – STOP Sex Trafficking of Children and Young People


Please note that our banking details and some other information might be outdated on the educational resources provided above and should you wish to partner with us financially please follow this link for correct details.

Articles on Human Trafficking

When it comes to subjects like Human Trafficking, the sensation seekers among us tend to go on hear-say and the critics brush off whatever they hear as sensationalism.  Yes, it’s a cycle. 

Nothing however beats well researched, factual information.  Although there aren’t a lot of this around, we’ve done our best to identify specific articles that would be well worth a read.

Family Policy Institute – Myths and Facts about Decriminalization of Prostitution

IOM Report – Seduction, Sale and Slavery: Trafficking in Women and Children for Sexual Exploitation in Southern Africa

IOM Report – “No experience necessary”: The internal trafficking of persons in South Africa

Statistics South Africa: Mid-year population estimates 2009

South African Police Service – Annual Report on crime in SA (2008-2009) 

Why Prostitution Should Not Be Decriminilised by Marge Ballin

South African rape survey shock

South African Government – Human Trafficking Strategy

South African Crime statistics

Poverty in South Africa ‘is declining’

IOM Newsletter 2009 – Eye on Human Trafficking

Family Policy Institute – International Expert Opinion On Prostitution

Catholic Relief Services – Blinded

BBC News – Silent war on SA women